In 1957 President Dwight D. Eisenhower knew he had to act boldly. He placed the Arkansas National Guard under federal control and sent 1,000 U.S. Army paratroopers from the 101st Airborne Division to assist them in restoring order in Little Rock as a result of Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus's refusal to integrate the Little Rock public school system and white rage riots broke out. Army paratroopers from the 101st Airborne Division were sent to assist them in restoring order in Little Rock. The daring tactic worked and the African American students were enrolled without further violent disturbances.